Different compounds have been used to clean teeth since 400 BC. The active and primary ingredient of prophy paste is a solid particle referred to in modern formulations as the “abrasive.”
Aluminum Oxide, Zirconium silicate, Alpha alumina trihydrate, Titanium dioxide, Sodium alumino silicate. (not a complete list)
The optimal degree of abrasion required to clean tooth surfaces (while not removing tooth structure) is difficult to calculate. In fact, there is a significant variation among individuals as to the degree of abrasivity needed to remove dental stains. Professional products have been categorized as fine, medium, or coarse; yet, there are no standards to define what these terms mean. One manufacturer’s fine prophylaxis paste may be more abrasive than another manufacturer’s medium paste. Likewise, one manufacturer’s fine paste may have a very different degree of abrasion than another manufacturer’s fine paste even if they have similar labels and contain the same abrasives. It is the responsibility of the dental professional to evaluate and select products for patients based on experience and the review of research literature.
VIP Service - Prophy-Jet teeth
polishing: Brooklyn NY
Dr. Vaysman offers additional teeth polishing service. She uses Prophy-jet polishing system that produce mixture of water and specially formulated baking soda. This procedure allows removing stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling. This mixture is mach less abrasive than prophy pastes. This is an excellent alternative for patients who desire whiter teeth but cannot have whitening procedures due to sensitive teeth.